Natívola

¿Natívola existió?

Nativola existed?

Nativola existed.

We have evidence with the plaque found in the Alhambra.

Preserved today in the Museum of the Alhambra or Hispanomusulmán that in its epigraphy includes the inscription “In locum Nativola” or its translation into Castilian would be “Place Nativola” indicating its origin.

It is a commemorative plaque of 3 churches in Visigothic times, and from here precisely the mystery.

On this marble plaque, two bishops of Guadix (Pablo and Liliolo) are mentioned. Some historians think that it was made for Guadix and later brought to Granada. But other authors discard it, because Nativola did not belong to the Diocese of Acci but to that of Iliberris.

Other historians cite this place of Nativola in The Rebites, the Zubia or Nigüelas. Especially they opt for Nigüelas, as we will see next.

And others, quote this place in the Alhambra, where the plaque was found. Although it could be a reuse in a subsequent Muslim building, there is no archaeological evidence that the Alhambra had a construction prior to the Muslim era or at least there was no urban configuration until the arrival of the Nasrids in the thirteenth century.

Many claim to see in the current name of the city Granada, its origin in the word Nativola. We are going to shed this term, since at first glance, it seems quite complicated to get from one term to the other.

In the seventeenth century the writer Luis de las Cuevas in his work “Dialogues of the remarkable things of Granada” cited that Nativola was a diminutive of Nata. For some Nata is a deformation of the word Naath, who was the wife of a king from Granada who founded the city that looks west or garb, where would come the word Garb-nata or Garnata, Granada.

For Bermúdez de Pedraza, Nata was the daughter of count Don Julián who lived in a cave or gar called the cave of Nata or Garnata.

Cicero in his book De Divinatione dedicates it to an unknown goddess named Nata, and it is thought that there could be a temple to this goddess Nata in the Alhambra and be called with the diminutive Nativola the neighborhood that was around this temple.

For the author Germán Tejerizo in his work “Natiuola: The First Granada”, he was in Nigüelas and documents this idea quite well in his work.

Finally we would arrive at the Garnatha or Granada, city that has the name of this tasty fruit of garnet color as the color of its reddish lands.

As a summary, we are in an unknown place, not far from Iliberri or the current Granada, being the seat of civil and military power in the Visigothic period, located in a border area with the Visigoths.

I finish this article with more questions than I started it, because a halo of mystery surrounds everything related to this Natívola headquarters. But existing, existed, is documented and what we need to know is where it was located, its exact situation.

Perhaps, someday, archeology reveals this secret to us, until now, they are only speculations, some better documented than others.

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