I think, the Alhambra Museum, which is in the Christian Palace of Charles V, is the most complete tour of the Al-Andalus history.
A museum is a great example of the history of a civilization, of an era, through objects rescued from their daily lives.
This means that we can understand a period of that culture, know how they lived, what they did and how they did it.
And leaving many techniques as great secrets of the past and being many of the enigmas that even today we wonder how they came to that process of improvement and prosperity.
For me, the case of Al-Andalus and more specifically, the case of the Nasrid dynasty in Granada, is a clear example of this flourishing and bright culture.
So it was a synthesis of the great cultures: Mesopotamian, Persian, Roman and Byzantine.
In the Alhambra Museum, one of these great free pleasures that I like so much in Granada, through its many rooms, we understand life much better between the XIIIth and XVth centuries.
The Nasrid palaces of the Alhambra have a body, but lacking furniture, they are devoid of the soul.
The visit to the Alhambra Museum is the soul of the Alhambra.
They are the objects of its daily life, rescued over time.
A patriarchal, polygamous society, where blood ties were very important, and above all, the legitimization of the clan’s power.
The first room of the Alhambra Museum is dedicated to science, faith and the economy.
Science is represented with a solar clock with the indication of prayer hours.
Faith, with some fascicles on parchment of two Korans.
And, the most interesting thing for me, the economy, with beautiful coins.
In Al-Andalus, its primary activity was commerce.
A possible trade thanks to a universally adopted currency.
The Visigothic coins were gradually replaced by Umayyad dirhems and Nasrid dinards.
The second room has a small treasure.
Here, there is a partial part of the main water channel of the Alhambra.
Water is a divine gift in Islam.
The theme of water is an exciting theme in Islam: ritual element before prayer, indispensable element in gardens and orchards.
And, decorative element in pools and fountains, element of prestige of the monarch showing a prosperous and rich kingdom.
Many household items in his trousseau are also seen in this room as lamps to light, braziers to perfume and heat objects, dishes, breadbaskets, and small jewelry to adorn women.
The third room has the famous Almanzor stack decorated with deers and lions.
It shows, on the one hand, again the importance of water, and on the other, the animal decoration in private objects or in private spaces, such as palaces or hammans (bathrooms ).
Wonderful vases decorate the room, stamped in mud, the vast majority, without glazing, but other pieces with remnants of glaze.
Its function was to store food, grain or water.
Although in the next rooms we will see the Vase of the Gazelle that was a pure decorative element to show an advanced and thriving culture.
The Fourth Room has very interesting pieces, of which I would highlight the two great lions-suppliers that came from the Maristan or Hospital located in the Albaicin.
The hospital was built by the Sultan Muhammad V.
Finally, you can see the cover of the entrance to the Madrasa or Islamic University in times of his father, Yusuf I.
Yusuf I and his son, Muhammad V are considered the two most prosperous sultans, cults, wise men and great builders of the Alhambra.
Since they made two of the most beautiful palaces of the monumental complex: the Palace of Comares and the Courtyard of the Lion.
The fifth room has a wonderful exhibition of inlaid or inlaid wood, such as a chess, latticework and door of the Hall of two Sisters of the Nasrid palaces.
The famous vase of the gazelles, of which I have spoken previously, occupies the central part of this room.
This luxury pottery tells us about the great refinement of the Nasrid Court, with a complex work of mud, of which, part of the process is still a secret today.
The Sixth Chamber holds three funeral gravestones, corresponding to the sultans Muhammad II, Yusuf III and Prince Yusuf.
However, despite many objects of vessels, vessels, attackers and alcuzas, what stands out above all things, is in the center of the room: a jamuga (an inlaid chair).
This scissor chair made of wood inlaid with silver and ivory, with the seat and back made of leather, is a real wonder.
It was a very important piece of furniture for ceremonial use.
The Seventh and last room of the museum contains some pieces of cloth that have been miraculously preserved.
And have made a current interpretation of the paintings located in the Casas del Partal, next to the Palace of the Partal de la Alhambra.
The actual paintings are very poorly preserved, but they have made a very current and approximate replica of the story that is told from right to left.
There is a whole display of men riding horses and camels, with lots of animals, and hunting scenes with lions.
The second panel is a scene from a battle, where the loot and the attached prisoners even appear.
In this room there are also wonderful tiles of traditional white and blue color, with representation of stylized human figures, who seem to speak to us of an artist who had gothic influences more than Nasrid did.
And to conclude, among the many objects, I would love to highlight many small toys in mud.
And above all, the large number of pipes for smoking hashish, which although many authors tell us about the ritual medicinal plant, the number of pipes found and its numerous forms speak to us of a rather widespread consumption.
*** This visit to the Alhambra Museum is something you can not miss!
Complete a vision of the Nasrid palaces of the Alhambra.
In Granada Only we propose a tour with us discovering a large number of original objects of everyday life.
If you want to know a bit more about the Alhambra Museo see the official website of the Alhambra.